The Rise of Rome
CHAPTER 9 Open Book TEST
A. First Punic War
G. Marc Antony
H. First Triumvirate
__1. a rich people that greatly influenced the growth of Rome
__2. interpreted law and acted as judges
__3. large farming estates worked by enslaved people
__4. Crassus, Pompey, and Julius Caesar
__5. a human-made channel for carrying water long distances
__6. an island that is part of Italy
__7. artisans, shopkeepers, and owners of small farms
__8. Member of the 2nd Triumvirate, he fell in love with Cleopatra and went to war vs. Octavian eventually losing
__9. Rome defeated Carthage in 241 B.C.
__10. Rome’s first Emperor Octavian, changed his name to this title
Directions: Multiple Choice In the blank at the left, write the letter of
the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
__11. According to a traditional legend, who founded the city of Rome?
A. Helen of Troy C. Aristotle and Plato
B. Romulus and Remus D. Julius Caesar
__12. The Romans were able to take over most of Italy by 267 B.C. because
A. they developed new ways of waging war.
B. their military was harshly disciplined.
C. they built roads between places they conquered.
D. all of the above
__13. What were the three parts of the Roman Republic’s tripartite government?
A. slaves, citizens, and women
B. the Senate, the House of Representatives, and the executive
C. plebeians, patricians, and the army
D. the consuls, the praetors, and the legislative bodies
__14. Why were the political reforms of 287 B.C. important?
A. All male citizens had equal standing.
B. The republic became a democracy.
C. Women earned the right to vote.
D. They allowed a dictator to seize power.
__15. What was the significance of the Twelve Tables?
A. They established for the first time standards of justice still in use today.
B. They established special privileges for the wealthy.
__16. In the Second Punic War, Hannibal crossed the Alps with Elephants as
A. Carthage attacked Rome.
B. Rome invaded Carthage by sea.
__17. Julius Caesar declared himself dictator of Rome for life and also
A. created the Gregorian calendar. C. allowed free elections.
B. created work for jobless people. D. all of the above
__18. What title did Octavian take?
A. King B. Augustus
__19. What was responsible for the Pax Romana?
A. a large army, ample food supply, and improvements in Roman government
B. Hadrian’s Wall
C. a small army, the return of farmland to small farmers, and an end to slavery
D. the Praetorian Guard
__20. Which of the following helped Rome’s trade?
A. the Punic Wars B. Roman currency C. Hadrian’s Wall
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